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jurassic park 4 (fan-trailer 2)

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jurassic park 4 (fan-trailer 2)

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Jurassic Park is a 1993 science fiction thriller film directed by Steven Spielberg and based on the novel of the same name by Michael Crichton. The film centers on the fictional island of Isla Nublar, where scientists have created an amusement park of cloned dinosaurs. John Hammond (Richard Attenborough) invites a group of scientists, played by Sam Neill, Jeff Goldblum and Laura Dern, to inspect the park prior to its public opening. Sabotage sets the dinosaurs loose, and the technicians and visitors attempt to escape the island.

Plot

On Isla Nublar, an island to the West of Costa Rica, an employee for the genetic engineering company InGen is attacked and killed while placing a Velociraptor into a specially built enclosure, prompting a lawsuit from his family. CEO John Hammond is pressured by his investors to allow a safety inspection by experts before opening the park. He invites paleontologist Alan Grant, paleobotanist Ellie Sattler, chaos theorist Ian Malcolm, and his investors’ attorney Donald Gennaro to perform the inspection. The group meets a Brachiosaurus when they set off into the park. At the park, they learn that InGen created the dinosaurs by cloning genetic material found in mosquitoes that fed on dinosaur blood, preserved in Dominican amber. The DNA from these samples was spliced with DNA from frogs to fill in sequence gaps. Only female dinosaurs are created in order to prevent uncontrolled breeding within the park. The team is also shown the enclosure of the Velociraptor, dubbed “raptors”, extremely intelligent, aggressive and ferocious predators.

Production

Michael Crichton originally conceived a screenplay about a graduate student who recreates a dinosaur; he continued to wrestle with his fascination with dinosaurs and cloning until he began writing the novel Jurassic Park.Spielberg learned of the novel in October 1989 while he and Crichton were discussing a screenplay that would become the television series ER. Before the book was published, Crichton demanded a non-negotiable fee of $1.5 million as well as a substantial percentage of the gross. Warner Brothers and Tim Burton, Sony Pictures Entertainment and Richard Donner, and 20th Century Fox and Joe Dante bid for the rights,[ but Universal eventually acquired them in May 1990 for Spielberg.Universal paid Crichton a further $500,000 to adapt his own novel which he had finished by the time Spielberg was filming Hook. Crichton noted that because the book was “fairly long” his script only had about 10–20 percent of the novel’s content; scenes were dropped for budgetary and practical reasons. After completing Hook, Spielberg wanted to film Schindler’s List. Music Corporation of America president Sid Sheinberg gave a green light to the film on one condition: that Spielberg make Jurassic Park first. Spielberg later said, “He knew that once I had directed Schindler I wouldn’t be able to do Jurassic Park.” At the time, MCA was the owner of Universal Pictures.

Distribution

Universal spent $65 million on the marketing campaign for Jurassic Park, making deals with 100 companies to market 1,000 products. These included three Jurassic Park video games by Sega and Ocean Software, a toy line by Kenner that was distributed by Hasbro, and a novelization aimed at young children. The released soundtrack included unused material. Trailers for the film only gave fleeting glimpses of the dinosaurs, a tactic journalist Josh Horowitz described as “that old Spielberg axiom of never revealing too much” when Spielberg and director Michael Bay did the same for their production of Transformers in 2007. The film was marketed with the tagline “An Adventure 65 Million Years In The Making.” This was a joke Spielberg made on set about the genuine, millions of years old mosquito in amber used for Hammond’s walking stick.

Reception

Commercial

Jurassic Park became the most financially successful film released worldwide as of that time, beating Spielberg’s E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial which previously held the title, though it did not top E.T. in North America. The film opened with $47 million in its first weekend and had grossed $81.7 million by its first week. The film stayed at number one for three weeks and eventually grossed $357 million in the U.S. and Canada. The film also did very well in international markets, breaking opening records in the United Kingdom, Japan, South Korea, Mexico, and Taiwan. Spielberg earned over $250 million from the film. Jurassic Park’s worldwide gross was topped five years later by James Cameron’s Titanic.

Legacy

The American Film Institute named Jurassic Park the 35th most thrilling film of all time on June 13, 2001, and Bravo chose the scene where Lex and Tim are stalked by two Raptors in the kitchen as the 95th scariest of all time in 2005.On Empire magazine’s fifteenth anniversary in 2004, it judged Jurassic Park the sixth most influential film of the magazine’s lifetime. On Film Review’s fifty-fifth anniversary in 2005, it declared the film to be one of the five most important in the magazine’s lifetime.In 2006, IGN ranked Jurassic Park as the 19th greatest film franchise of all time.

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